trouser length

Rule 1: Trousers should have one clean break at the front, and none at the back

Rules are there for a reason, but there is nothing wrong with breaking them.

These statements are not contradictory. That is one of the most important things to understand about the traditions of menswear.

All rules have a rationale behind them. They are useful rules of thumb that become formalised over time.

And they become formalised because they have practical advantages that encourage men to apply them regularly.

So why is the generally recommended length for men’s trousers? Because it creates a clean line at the back of the trouser, adding to the lengthening silhouette that is the suit’s main aesthetic advantage.

But, when a man is walking they have sufficient length to not flap around and expose the ankle.

If the trouser were longer, it would create a puddle of folds that could ruin the silhouette of a suit, dragging the eye down and making a man look shorter.

If the trouser were shorter, it would flap around the ankle and remove any elegance – probably reminding the viewer of a schoolboy in short pants.

That’s why the rule, or guideline, exists. But once you know this, there is nothing wrong with breaking it. Knowing why the rule is there helps you break it well.

For example, men on the European continent tend to wear their trousers shorter. They do that because they like a clean line at the front of the trouser as well as the back, and don’t mind exposing their footwear, and perhaps their socks, to more inspection.

Both are more a part of their outfit than for a English or American man. To quote one famous Italian “I don’t necessarily want people to see my socks, but I want to make sure they can see my shoes.”

Now, if men on the continent simply wore their trousers shorter, they would encounter the aforementioned problem with flapping. But they aware of the rules and why they exist. So they wear their trousers narrower as well, fitting them closer to the ankle and minimising any flapping. 

Personally, I tend more towards the longer length with more formal clothing like suits, and towards the latter with more casual trousers. 

Once you know why the rules are there, you can work out how to break them effectively.

(It’s also worth remembering that while trousers can be slanted at the bottom a little to minimise the break at the front, this is less possible on turn-ups, such as those shown above. They therefore often have to sit a little higher.)

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Traditionally trousers were always worn to just reach the shoe without breaking. Trouser legs were often quite wide, so flapping could probably not be avoided (maybe by using thicker fabrics). Do you know when and why this changed? Would it be acceptable for a businessman today to wear trousers the traditional way?

Arctic Penguin

I only like the look of the man on the far right… but his tie seems disproportionally wide, and he also seems to be wearing pleated trousers without a cuff. I don’t care much about ‘rules’ per se, but I do like clean lines and a balance of proportions.. though it does seem that ‘classic’ men’s style, strictly speaking, has truly evolved from sack suits to trim suits. I hope we don’t regress.


When I go to my local tailor to have trousers hemmed he always finishes them at an angle, i.e. longer at the back than at the front. I’ve not been bold enough to question him about this (he’s been a tailor for half a century almost) but I do wonder whether this is customary?
Have you ever come across this? Should I ask him to hem the trousers at a normal 90 degree angle to the legs?


No Peterjan, as far as I know it’s normal to have them a touch longer at the back to create coverage at the back whilst meeting the higher part of the front of the shoe without creating too much of a break.

I don’t think it’s universally true, or even generally true, that men in Europe normally wear trousers shorter. I’ve had numerous pairs made and not once have they been short. In fact I’d compare them as closer to English tailoring, which to me shares less of a tradition with American tailoring in terms of trouser style and length.


I have some questions regarding trousers issue.Firstly, what is the perfect trousers length and secondly, should I get a flat-front or pleated trousers taking consideration of my height between 5’3 and 5’4 with waist of 26′ and small body frame.To find a suitable style/fit that complement my body type has been difficult for me.Hence any help/guide is highly appreciated.


it’s not true that men on the continent wear trousers shorter. they do it mostly in italy, some in france and spain, but rarely in other continental countries. in german speaking countries as well as scandinavia they wear them rather too long and wider than in latin countries.


Hi Simon

Is there any chance you could give your thoughts on ideal trouser hem width/ I know it depends on the style of the suit and/or general outfit but it would be interesting to get your thoughts on this subject as it seems to be something that is quite difficult to get right!





Can you help? I wear long socks and have started wearing shorter, slimer trousers. This combination has the unfortunate consequence of causing the trousers to catch on the stop of the sock, thus bunch at the knee and exaggerating the shortness of the trousers. Gianni from Sartoria Vergallo suggested a band of lining at the back of the trousers at top-of-the-sock height, which has helped, but not eliminated the problem. Do you have any further suggestions?

Thanks, Llywelyn


Surely wearing shorter trousers necessitates the wearing of long socks in order to avoid the dreaded bare-calf?!



Thanks for your reply Simon. I had some Kilgour RTW slimmed slightly to 16 inches in the end and am pleased with the result. They were previously 18 inches and I felt they had a slightly ‘bootcut’ look to them which was horrible!

Many ‘chino’ type trousers seem to go to 15 or even 14 inches now which I think looks a bit extreme on a suit if you are trying to achieve a classic look.

Thanks anyway.




greetings Simon; this is my first post and a question that I’m struggling with; I’m an attorney in the states and an avid fan of the site since our tastes are very similar. i’ve never been a fan of turn-ups/cuffs on trousers but lately they are growing on me, especially with the heavier fabric found in last seasons rota, edits, and stoffa trousers. what are your thoughts on the proper size of the turn-up/cuff? sometimes the trousers are too slim in the back for anything more than 1.5inches but i like the heft and size of 2 inch cuffs.


Hi Simon

What is the prefect sewing / Stitch for the cuff part of a trouser?

My tailor only anchor the cuffs at the side seams of the pant with a few stitches

Should he stitch all around the cuff, or just the side seams of the pant is good enough

currently, when i stand up and look at the cuffs, i saw some space/gap of my trouser’s cuffs


As somebody who prefers a wider trouser length, I tend to avoid anything more than a quarter break. I personally feel overexposed if people can tell what colour of sock I’m wearing when I’m standing up.

Simon J Moses

I think that the shorter style that alot of European men wear is very flattering, pair that with a penny loafer and it’s a look that definitely is a statement in my option (having said that you need a good tan on your feet, which is not something you get that much in the UK) The no sock look is one that I feel is a ” summer” staple here in the warmer parts of Europe. As you have noted Simon ” Here are the rules, you just have to know how to break them”….. pant length is a very seaonal thing I feel and a very personal one toboot.

Jason Reed

New to this site after many years in the GQ wilderness. I’ve now found this and The Rake and so am happy. Congrats Simon.

This is an old thread but one that’s very relevant to me at the moment, I have a lovely – albeit neglected Daks needle cord suit that I am considering altering to shorten the legs to a good inch above the ankle for that summer Pitti sprezzatura look. Am I crazy?


Do you have a section on the ‘rules’ of wearing striped dress shirts with checked odd jackets?

Peter O

German-Swiss men who are photographed in the public lije politicians and their seamstresses tend to favour a trouser length which one might judge to be much longer than Simon’s.