The formal tieless jacket – with Steven Hitchcock blazer

Monday, September 28th 2020
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How smart can you be without a suit or tie? 

Formality in tailoring is often discussed in terms of these two things. And it is true that wearing a suit rather than a jacket, and a tie rather than an open-necked shirt, will usually be smarter. 

But it is also possible to be formal and elegant without them. 

Morning dress doesn’t always have matching trousers, after all, and neither do all dinner jackets. There is a long tradition there. 

And while a tie does ‘finish’ the neck in a way that feels formal, alternatives like a roll neck can look just as put-together. 

Today’s outfit - making use of a superb cashmere blazer Steven Hitchcock made for me recently - is intended to illustrate one variation of this. I wore it recently and it felt exceptionally formal. This article is a working-through in my mind, of exactly why. 

Overall the materials are luxurious, while the colours are stark.

Cashmere has a slight natural shine, but one that comes across particularly as the material folds and rolls. The pile makes it shine on its edges and its ridges.

Shine isn’t always formal (think of a cheap shiny suit) but a subtle shine that works with contrast usually is. Hence grosgrain against barathea in black tie, or a worsted suit with woven silk tie. 

Here, the cashmere contrasts nicely with the flatness of the linen shirt. 

The trousers are made of a material rarely seen on PS: wool gabardine. 

I rarely wear wool gabardine because it’s so smooth and silky: these trousers were made for me back in 2011 and they’re the only pair I’ve ever had. 

But when it’s the look you want, gabardine can be beautiful. It’s a dense weave, so it drapes fantastically, and it has a distinctive, subtle shimmer. 

In Alan Flusser’s words it is "still regarded as one of the most luxurious lengths of worsted ever to grace a male thigh". I see Bryceland’s are offering their Winston trousers in wool gabardine at the moment too. So perhaps it’s making a comeback. 

Linen might not be the first material you’d think of for a formal shirt - that would probably a superfine cotton.

But when worn under a jacket, as here, linen’s wrinkling is hidden and the collars and cuffs are pleasingly crisp. In fact, in some ways it performs better than most superfines, which also quickly wrinkle.

A one-piece collar is also generally thought of as casual, which makes sense, given its openness and easy roll. But there is something formal about the lack of seams in that roll towards the neck - there is a nice cleanness to it. And in linen it looks sharper than cotton. 

On this particular day this particular shirt is misbehaving a little, rolling out of the jacket and showing its points. But the appeal of the simplicity is evident.

The colour palette, as mentioned, is stark. 

The jacket is not just navy, but dark navy. It’s the navy that should be used in most menswear really, including crewnecks and pea coats. But it is specifically needed for this outfit to be formal. 

The shirt is white, the trousers are cream. Both create contrast with the jacket. 

They would look odd, perhaps, if the jacket were removed. But on a formal occasion that is less likely. 

The shoes could be black. They’re not, they’re a very dark brown, with even darker polish on the toes. But they don’t feel much more informal than black would have been. (A bigger difference would have come from not having cuffs on the trousers.)

Their bespoke make - with the pitched heel and slim waist, which makes them appear thin and delicate - is certainly formal. And perhaps dark brown adds a little more interest to an otherwise stripped-back look. 

The handkerchief is white linen. Again, high contrast, in both colour and texture. 

A dark, finely patterned silk would have added more interest still. But there is a point to the starkness: it is deliberately, demonstratively formal. A little jewellery in the buttonhole might be a better way to achieve that interest. 

The jacket is the fourth I have from Steven Hitchcock, and given how great the last one was - in charcoal tweed - he was the first person I wanted to make this one. 

I wear more casual tailoring these days, more Neapolitan cuts and more casual materials. But there will always be a place in the wardrobe for an English jacket, and I love the way Steven builds in so much subtle drape into his tailoring. 

This jacket is very comfortable, with space in the chest and an easy waist. Yet it looks very shaped, and flattering. 

We only made small changes during the fitting process, but both illustrate the style I increasingly prefer. 

The shoulders were widened a touch and the waist button lowered a touch. The shoulders by less than half an inch, the waist button by no more than that.

Small changes, but together they noticeably enlarge the triangle created by those three points, and so the overall size of the upper body.

Interestingly, Steven commented that a corresponding but inverse triangle controls how he fits the jacket. Its vertices are the back of the neck and the bottom point of each armhole. 

The jacket is something that I hope will become a foundational piece in my wardrobe. My previous navy cashmere, in a lighter weight Zegna cloth made by Solito, didn’t wear that well and I’m not sure the cloth suited the cut. 

This one already feels better, and has been worn with green flannel and green covert twill, as well as this gabardine. 

The outfit overall perhaps shows that, in an age when ties are ever rarer, it’s still possible to be extremely elegant.  

In fact, given a tie today might seem more corporate day in the office than dressy evening in town, this open-necked luxury might be the best of both worlds. 

Cashmere from W Bill - 21700, 13oz. Actually in their overcoatings bunch.

One-piece shirt from Marol, also shown and discussed here

Shoes from Yohei Fukuda here.

Photography: Jamie Ferguson @jkf_man

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Given your shape, Steve has done a good job with this coat. He’s managed to compensate for your shoulders, and prominent seat whilst maintaining a little snap. What was the price please?

White linen was the original shirting used in white tie, so formality not really an issue there, but I would never advocate black shoes with this outfit.



Hi Simon, thanks again for the articles.
On the cloth for this lore formal jackets, what is your take on the shiny versus opaque cashmere?
Piacenza and Johnstons of Elgin have both variants and I wondered which one would be a more appropriate for a formal but not to “peacock” jacket.
Thanks in advance and wish you a nice week!



Interesting. I was not aware that Johnstons made jacketing.


I think the shirt collar plays a large roll in achieving this look. Possibly more than any other element. Providing some interest at the neck in place of a tie obviously being important. It is a shame however that the points are showing and it perhaps shows that there is room for improvement in this outfit. Unfortunately it doesn’t quite come off with the collar as it is.

Kev F

I much prefer this form of review where the jacket is described in its context ie worn with and what occasions as opposed to the precise detail of measurements etc. It gives a more realistic view of how you see it adding to your wardrobe – I would most of us buy clothing for a purpose rather than whittle about details. As a more formal jacket this looks superb to me and stands very nicely with the trousers and shirt choice. (Just as an aside one of the photos is reversed; as a portrait it’s beautifully lit but the realisation the breast pocket is on the wrong side is a bit jarring at first.)


Interesting. My lack of sufficient wardrobe space (or owning to much clothes) makes this combination hard for me. My linen shirts are in my spring/summer wardrobe and stored during fall/winter when cashmere jackets come out.


Interesting outfit Simon. Certainly didn’t expect the one-piece collar to work well in a formal outfit. But if one really has to do without the tie in a formal setting I wonder if something more conventional should be used instead. A hidden button-down, although gimmicky, would provide a similar roll to the collar without standing out as much.

Perhaps also swap the bottom half for worsted grey trousers with black shoes? But that could just be the conservative in me.




You’re giving me a complex when you talk about cream pants and a white shirt potentially looking odd, as I wear them a lot and thought it looked rather good 🙁

Please briefly expand, starting to trigger my many neuroses here ..


I agree that the outfit looks elegant; I don’t believe, however, that the addition of a tie would make the look more “corporate”. On the contrary, the quintessential corporate look is the suit without a tie – some banks have even banned ties! You could argue that wearing a tie might be more old-fashioned, but not more “corporate”. Ironically, the tie might be on a journey from being a symbol of conformity to becoming a symbol of individuality.


Lovely balance in the jacket; are we allowed to ask how much it cost..?


Is that including VAT?


Very nice outfit.In summer I wear something very similar but usually with very light grey trousers and the PSBD or something from T&A.A cream jacket can also of course look pretty chic with the same trousers and shirts.


Very elegant Simon.

Could you comment on how you feel about wearing this cut of jacket compared to a Neopolitan cut (say by Elia Caliendo)?

Secondly, would you wear pale trousers such as these to an event after dark?

Thank you


Sorry not being clear – I mean what factors would cause you to wear this cut rather than an Italian cut? Would you consider it generally more formal for example? Are there events where you would prefer one over another?


And in terms of comfort? Would you say they’re comparable even if it’s due to different reasons (more drape here, less structure on a neapolitan jacket)?


Since you have had both, do you think navy cashmere is more useful in a this more formal cut or would you still consider a Neapolitan cut in heavier navy cashmere something you would want to wear? I’ve been considering navy baby camel as an option and have been flip flopping on the style to have it made up in.


Lovely piece. Are there other than formal day/evening occasions where you would wear this jacket?
Just trying to figure out a cashmere jacket’s place in a wardrobe as I guess it’s not a hard wearing cloth for everyday use, but then for formal wear a dinner jacket may be more useful?
Also how does a cashmere jacket compare to say a similar jacket in those other luxury fabrics like Lumbs Golden Bale and/or Escorial wool?
A lot of questions 🙂

Daniel Ippolito

I agree with Jason 100% re: neckties.


Looks nice. But not £5000 worth of nice. Crazy money for what is essentially a navy jacket.


Well, it’s 5-8 times the price of a regular jacket, but you will never look 5-8 times better.


Is it possible to be casually formal? If so you’ve nailed. Beautifully done Simon.


Hi Simon,
This a sharp outfit indeed! For ” formal events” like the one you seem to have in mind, which suitable alternatives and roughly at the same level of formality to this one could you envision?
Let’s consider the jacket as the center piece and then focus on the following items: shirt, trousers and shoes.
Thanks in advance for your reply.


Great review Simon. I appreciate the description of how it’s used as it gives context. It complements the style breakdown.

This sort of jacket and outfit can serve as an inspiration when using more casual fabrics for those of us that have fewer jackets (and therefore want more versatility) or are unable or unwilling to pay for the higher cost of cashmere.

For example, I have a similar jacket (English style, navy) in the (not very tweedy) sherry tweed from H&S (incidentally I wore it to the first PS pop up shop opening event). Of course the fabric is rather less formal than cashmere but it can still be dressed up in a similar way without ever having the appearance of a suit jacket. Being a less formal fabric it’s also possible to dress it down a bit (albeit not all the way down to jeans).


This is a great outfit, but is it a formal one? I guess it depends on what you mean by formal. It’s certainly not black tie. Wouldn’t really work in a corporate office setting. Perhaps a day wedding or a matinee. So wouldn’t a dark gray or navy suit worn tieless actually be more formal?

And “grace a male thigh” is the most cringey writing I’ve read today.

Peter O

Dear Simon,
Please tell me the brand and model of the socks shown in the top two photograph you are wearing and what is the English name for their length/height on your leg? Have you trouble with holes at the rear of the socks caused by abrasion from your shoes?

Thank you.


I’m a reader of your writing and a frequent customer of yours, and as usual, great article!

This isn’t relevant to the post, but I’m looking for a good quality navy club blazer with brass buttons in a versatile and resilient fabric. Living in Houston, Texas, my only real experience in the sartorial world is Ready-to-Wear Suitsupply. I am often able to shop online because I fit into a 40R suit reasonably well with few alterations needed, but I wonder if it’s worth it to venture onto the level of made-to-measure.

Could you provide me some guidance? Any brand recommendations would be much appreciated.

(It may not be too helpful since they are 3 completely different styles, but I like the look of the navy blazer options offered by RL Purple Label, Husbands, and The Rake)


I also liked and agreed with Jason’s comment. Wearing a tie is a chance to rock your style a bit. Going without a tie might look fine on a younger man, but when a man reaches a certain age he just looks better if his neck is mostly covered. I like to wear a solid wool knit tie, or a wool tartan tie, or an old striped repp, and not cinch them all the way up.


Could you explain the pairing of a linen shirt with a thicker cashmere jacket ? I have both in my closet but would have thought the texture and pairing would clash, a summer fabric with more of a fall jacket.


I was wondering this myself – I assume the shirt is a sturdier Irish linen, rather than a wispy Italian one?


Simon, did you ever consider this jacket in a double breasted cut? Do you think that would increase the formality or simply offer a different stylistic choice?
I think the color combinations, combined with the fabrics, make a beautiful ensemble, BTW. Lastly, I think it would be interesting if you would “show” the different potential versions you mentioned (roll-neck, cutaway collar) as alternatives to the original look.
Great article!


A wonderful jacket.

I am looking to get something similar (English style, navy), but a little more versatile – thinking along the same lines as Noel (above). One thing that concerns me, though, is how to prevent it looking like an orphaned half of a suit. I suppose one solution is to go less formal than a typical business suit, e.g. in cloth (such as a tweed, Noel’s approach) or perhaps using a subtle pattern, or perhaps in styling details such as patch pockets or swollen edges. Or staying more formal than a typical worsted suit – e.g. using a wool/cashmere mix?

I would have very interested in your thoughts.



This was indeed a concern of mine. I have a summer navy blazer in an open weave (with some pattern) with patch pockets and contrasting ginger horn buttons, yet to me from the distance it can still look like the top half of a suit.

Holland & Sherry’s sherry tweed is not very coarse, the colour is more uniform than a ‘normal’ tweed and it comes in different weaves (mine seems to be a twill) so it might be worth checking it out. It’s also lighter, 11oz (340g) than your average tweed, so you don’t get too warm inside. You can see Simon’s anthology suit made with this cloth for reference:


Thank you Simon. That’s very helpful. I hadn’t noticed the jacketing cloths guide.

Peter K

Lovely outfit Simon.

I’ve tried a tie-less formal look using my midnight blue blazer, a dark grey roll neck and charcoal trousers. It doesn’t have the high contrast of your outfit but is elegant. Suitable for a night at the Symphony or Opera.

Peter K

Thanks. It was inspired by your article on wearing black.


This is particularly timely as I am just about to commission a bespoke navy jacket. Ideally, it would be an option on Spring, Autumn and some relatively cooler Summer days. I visualise wearing it with smart bespoke made cream, grey or olive coloured trousers.

Am I correct that cashmere is warm on cooler days yet cooling on the warmer days even at 13oz weight?

I assume you required around 2.5-3 metres of cloth. May I ask the cost of the material itself? I have been in touch with Harrisons previously and received various swatches, but not this particular cloth.

Thank you for your article.


This is a miss for me, sadly, and actually serves to underline the point you more regularly make about formal shirts looking incomplete without a tie. In this case, it’s something about the way the first button clings wilfully to the other side of the shirt despite being undone, and the erupting white of the one-piece collar – it just looks unfinished, like you’ve just taken your tie off at the end of the day. Maybe this will spark a tienaissance. But seriously, I am, nevertheless, grateful to see such experimentation, if only to test the more unusual possibilities without having to try it first myself


Thanks Simon
This is an interesting and elegant outfit and I like the general theme of modern eveningwear. It’s remarkable too how wide a range of effect you can get from single-breasted navy jackets.
I’m not sure about the cream trousers though. I have a feeling that in 10 years time, when looking back at this era, the reader will be struck by the suprising frequency with which they crop up (not just on PS either). I’m not convinced they will catch on for evening wear. I’m getting summer, I’m getting sunshine, I’m getting tennis or cricket.

That said you have pointed out, very sensibly that associations may vary between peope of different ages, and from different countries. It may strike other very differently. Perhaps I’m also being unfairly influenced by the miserable rainy view out of my window as I type, wondering how I am going to get from work to Art Gallery to restaurant even in working suiting, let alone cream gabardine.


I echo the last comment in noting that the straighter line down the back, notable in the side view, suits you better than the more concave back in a number of your other commissions pictured on the site. It is more flattering to your posture. You seem to curve your lower spine which pushes your seat back. This is common even among fit people and comes from sitting so much.


This cloth, WBill 21700, is interesting because one side is smooth whereas the other is a light twill. Does it matter which side is made up?

Giovan Battista

Very interesting and inspiring combination. Would you swap this jacket with your Cifonelli DB velvet one, without changing any other element?

Now the serious question about the jacket: what are the buttons’ color and material?
I guess they are horn buttons, a sort of dark grey/brown ones?

Thank you


I guess the short answer to your opening question is: well, less.
Bruce Boyer states, correctly in my opinion, that people have been losing all sense of occasion. Here you seem poised for a formal occasion but miss to look your best by foregoing the tie (and particularly because you are the kind that would make a great tie choice).
I understand you are somewhat compelled to keep the blog contemporary, experiment and all that, but if you are going to spare the tie in that background you may as well ditch them all for good.
Sorry if I sound as a tie diehard, but if seasoned menswear aficionados do not stand that ground and advocate for it, the tie will soon be gone and that will be a sad loss.
The tieless tailored look may legitimately be a youthful fashion / new money look thing, but I blame seniors for yielding massively to it, very often making asses of themselves in the way.

Lucas Nicholson

Thanks Nico, and no worries, I can certainly see that point.

As with most things I write, it’s not about keeping the blog contemporary, but wanting to remain relevant myself, in how I dress. And I think inevitably you are affected by the way others dress around you – you have to be, otherwise you get less and less connected, and end up in costume.

However, I still think ties are great, they’re just more of an exception now rather than what is expected with any outfit. And I’ll continue to push for and demonstrate how good that exception can look.


Thanks for the reply, Simon. I have found your reflections on relevancy and costume – not exclusively in this case but throughout several posts- intellectually enlightening, and acknowledge their validity. I just do not find it in me to go along with trends I dislike, especially considering the dire depths where “the way others dress around us” seem likely to be taking us sooner than later.

Maybe we should consider the possibility that sticking to classic menswear will turn us into a new urban tribe, and embrace it proudly as urban tribes do.

What is nobler in the mind?


hey Simon,

Such a wonderful jacket & so well put together!

Would you say there’s benefit/difference, apart from the ‘more restrained proportions’ you mentioned, to going with Steven over A&S?


Hi Simon,
You look gorgeous in this outfit. Not being from your set, I am really curious to know specifically what kind of event you would wear this to. I would guess a concert, restaurant dinner, or party at someone’s home (?). (At these types of events, the people I know and see around are likely to wear jeans or polyester. In case of a wedding we/they may wear a sundress or anything with lapels. ) What do you classify as a formal-ish event? Would you be willing to tell us about the event you wore this to? Thanks.


I note this is 100% cashmere. As a material what are there any pros and cons of this over say a cashmere blend when it comes to jacketing?


I was thinking exactly about this.

I love suits and jackets. Sadly for me, I not only do not require them on as daily outfits, but there is kind of a rejection to them back at “the office”. I end up wearing jackets only during my free time, mostly on special ocassions. For me it is perfect if my few jackets reflect the dressiness that you mention.

Anyway, I comissioned a midnight blue 100% cashmere loro piana jacket and, while waiting for the result, I found this post. Now I am even more excited about the jacket.


I don’t think that the outfit would look out of place other than at the most formal venues – my personal preference would have been a shirt with a touch of yellow in the dye lot but matching colour in two different materials especially cotton with something as temperamental as gaberdine is always going to be hit and miss


Hi Simon,
I’ve been searching your site for guidance on something, but eventually thought I’d write directly.
Imagine you’re taking your wife to an anniversary dinner in town. The restaurant is chic but not formal. You definitely don’t want to wear a suit and you’d like to avoid the usual jeans/shirt/jacket combination if possible. What would you wear?
I’m curious in particular about trousers/tops that look a little different but don’t appear overdressed.
Hoping you can help!


Many thanks Simon – that’s exactly what I was searching for!


Just stumbled over this excellent post while looking at your Cifonelli 6X1 post. This project is very close to something I have been working on for some time now – the silhouette and (somewhat) drama of the dinner jacket but in a slightly more casual form, and with the option of an open shirt or polo. With regards to fabric, how does cashmere compare to velvet or perhaps even needlecord in this regard? Would peak lapels work, and maybe even a single button front to distance it a bit more from a regular blazer?


Thank you Simon, a follow-up question if I may; is the jacket wearing as well as you hoped, and did it actually become a foundational piece in your wardrobe? Also, if you can, what fabric is the wool gabardine trousers?


I was thinking about having a similar jacket made by W&S, not in cashmere, but to serve a similar function and be versatile and useful. Have you found this jacket to be the foundational item that you had hoped in your wardrobe?

Also, if not in cashmere, what do you think about the idea of having matching trousers made too so as to have the option of full suit as well as wearing with flannels etc to get more use out of it? Or am I trying to do too much with that?

Thanks. Appreciate your thoughts as ever.


I appreciate your guidance Simon. In terms of the material, I don’t want to go down the cashmere route as I only have a few bespoke jackets so would want it to be hardwearing and so useful for travel, e.g. in a business context in New York where I find it far more conservative than London, but also good for formal events as with your jacket here.
What kind of navy/off navy wool would you recommend in terms of weight and texture so that it would not look like half a suit?


Thanks. I have a coat in a navy Loro Piana wool and it is certainly very soft and luxurious.


Dear Simon,
Would a navy jacket in moonbeam from Steven be a good option for frequent wear to the office? Both in terms of longevity and style.
Thank you!

Lindsay McKee

Hi Simon, who is the trouser cloth made by and what is it’s bunch no? Is it still being made?

Lindsay McKee

How is that 13oz W. BILL Cashmere jacket wearing so far? I know that cashmere is prone to bobbling (pilling) which is something I’d take into account if I ever went for a cashmere jacket.

Lindsay McKee

Many thanks for that.


Hi Simon,
I’m thinking about “ultimate luxury” (well, for me): having a jacket made from this W Bill cashmere and also use this same cloth for the quarter lining. Otherwise unlined sleeves.
Setting aside friction problem and taking into account that this cashmere is relatively hard wearing, as you wrote, would you consider it a rather bad idea or kind of meaningful way to fully enjoy luxury and comfort of cashmere? Worn once a week at most.
Thank you for your opinion.

Peter Z.

Dear Simon and readers,

on this blog it has often been mentioned that returning for a second coat from the same maker will yield improvements to the pattern and coat. In my experience that has not actually been the case with a Neapolitan maker and with W&S and I encountered fit problems with the second and third garments I didn’t have with the first. However, I was very happy to find that when I came back to Steven for a second coat it was 99% perfect at the fitting and the pattern was refined in subtle ways and it just worked. I was very impressed by the thought and care he had put in to address small subtle style changes I liked and we discussed during the first pattern. This makes it so much easier to return to him and order more and really expedites the process. Hats of to Steven.



Simon, what color trousers would you wear here for a formal springtime dinner, if not the usual gray?

Lindsay McKee

Simon, I actually have a sample of that navy cashmere that this jacket is made from and it’s fantastic, if rather expensive.
Are there alternatives to this kind of fabric for a smart Navy jacket?
Smart…not casual, and a fairly durable fabric.
Hopsack or Mock Leno (mesh) for Summer….what about the cooler months?

Lindsay McKee

Many thanks

Peter Z.


Thank you for your post. I am looking for a bit of discussion and to pick your brain.

I am an established customer of Steven and recently ordered two navy sport coats to wear as blazers (but with dark horn buttons). One took inspiration from this one – cashmere two button, straight flap pockets; and the other one is a summer weight hopsack with patch pockets.

In the time since I ordered them, I am a bit worried about the coats not looking as jackets which are borrowed from a suit as they are two button coats and the cashmere one has straight flap pockets.

What makes a navy coat appear as a stand alone piece and not an orphaned coat? Texture? Buttoning style? Pocket coats? Buttons on the cuff? And what in your mind is their relative importance? How did you go about there questions in this commission?

Does the fact that it’s a cashmere jacket and hence automatically more formal than hopsack lend it better to flaps than patch pockets? Is the texture of the cloth and choice of buttons enough to differentiate?

I hope this could be informative to all readers of PS.


Peter Z.

Dear Simon,

Thank you for your reply, it’s been reassuring and I feel better about my commission.


Lindsay McKee

I’d like to know, if possible,which fabric houses do good wool gabardine.
It seems pretty hard to find.
Same for cotton gabardine

Lindsay McKee

Good to know. Thanks for that.